December 3, 2023

Through this section of the Selenium tutorial, you will learn about the key Selenium features, such as how it combines various tools, uses a strong language for tests, shortens test execution time, and requires fewer resources. You will also learn about its drawbacks, such as the incompleteness of its solutions and the demand for highly qualified personnel.

Features of Selenium

Let’s go over each of Selenium’s characteristics one by one.

Multi-Browser Support

Selenium can interact with web apps and web elements in a browser in the same way that a real user would. Selenium accomplishes this by employing native support built into the browser that performs direct calls without the use of any intermediary hardware or software. Chrome, Safari, IE, Opera, Edge, and Firefox are just a few of the browsers that Selenium supports.

Multi-Language Compatibility

PHP, Java, Python, JavaScript, Perl, Ruby, and many other programming languages are supported by Selenium. You can create automation test scripts in any programming language that you are familiar with. In addition, you can improve your automation test script by using switch statements, conditional statements, or decision-making statements. Your test script will be able to manage any condition after completing this stage.

Easy Identification and Use of Web Elements

With the help of a number of Selenium locators, web elements on web apps may be quickly identified. As a result, adding the components to the test automation suite is made considerably simpler. You can add several extensions to your Selenium IDE using your website.

Performance and Speed

The WebDriver component of Selenium is specifically designed for automating web app testing. Unlike other tools, this one can run test cases more quickly. Since it can talk to the browser directly, there is no need for middlemen like the server.

Dynamic Web Elements

The dynamic web elements may be handled with simplicity by Selenium. To achieve it, it employs a few of the following techniques:

  • With the Contains() function, an element can be located in a portion of text.
  • Absolute XPath(): You can handle dynamic web items with ease using this XPath. From the root node upwards, it includes a full set of pathways for web UI automation.
  • StartsWith() is a method that aids in locating an attached attribute to a dynamic web element by matching or locating the beginning text.

Open Source

The software Selenium is open-source. The official Selenium website makes it simple to download.

Portability (Ability to work with different Operating Systems)

Software made with Selenium is portable. Linux, Mac, UNIX, and Windows are just a few of the operating systems it may operate on.

Reusability and Extras

In order to allow browser compatibility testing, Selenium was used to create all of the scripts. Due to their customizability, the additional plugins aid in extending the scope of application testing.

Take less time to execute a test

The test execution time is shortened with Selenium. This facilitates a quicker and more reliable execution.

Server installation is not required

Selenium doesn’t require that you install a server. Selenium is able to communicate directly with the browser.

Selenium WebDrivers – Classes and Methods

An essential tool provided by Selenium is Selenium WebDriver. For certain potential issues with automation testing, it offers a variety of options. Using dynamic locators also aids testers in navigating complicated web components such as radio buttons, dropdowns, alerts, etc.

Easy Testing

Selenium gives consumers the ability to automate test scripts on various devices, including Android, iPhone, etc.

Combination of Tool and DSL

When it comes to doing various types of tests, Selenium is an unmatched mix of tools and DSL (Domain Specific Language). You are able to record the tests you run through the browser. Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, Chrome, and other popular web browsers are supported.

Uses a rich language for tests

To test web applications, Selenium uses DSL. There are 200 commands in this language, which is simple to learn.

Lesser resources required

Compared to its closest competitors UFT, RFT, and e, selenium uses fewer resources.

Drawbacks of Selenium

  • The testing of web applications cannot be fully automated with Selenium alone; instead, third-party frameworks are needed.
  • A high level of proficiency is necessary to deal with it successfully, despite the fact that it supports several programming languages.
  • Codes that are difficult to edit are those written in Selenese, which is not user-friendly.
  • Support for browsers other than Firefox is more challenging, and Selenium has problems doing so.


You learned about the Selenium features in this blog post, and you now know that Selenium has a ton of features that testers may use to run more effective and trustworthy tests. Various platforms and browsers can be supported by it. Even the installation of Selenium doesn’t require a server. The browser can be directly interacted with by it.

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